Acne occurs when debris, oil and dead skin cells become trapped within a hair follicle. Pimples, whiteheads and blackheads are examples of non-inflamed acne. Bacteria can invade the clogged follicle and cause redness, swelling and inflammation. This is known as an inflamed breakout. While non-inflamed acne is quite common, inflammation does not occur in every case of acne.
PCOS and Acne (PCOS) occurs when there is a hormonal imbalance, namely an increase in androgen (testosterone) production. High levels of androgens are known to increase the amount of oil produced by sebaceous glands, which contributes to acne.
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